Butterflies of the
Amazon and Andes
Family - HESPERIIDAE
subfamily - PYRGINAE
Tribe - PYRGINI
female, Satipo, Peru ©
Pyrginae, popularly known as Flats or Spreadwings, are a
cosmopolitan subfamily distributed across temperate and tropical
habitats throughout the world. In the Americas there are 990
species, of which about
580 are assigned to the tribe Pyrgini.
comprises of 3 species -
plumbago, pulverea and
serapion, all of which are restricted
to the neotropical region.
Plumbago plumbago is
found in Ecuador, Brazil and Peru.
This beautiful species occurs in rainforest, at altitudes between
about 200-1000 metres.
The lifecycle appears to be unrecorded. Generally, Pyrgine
butterflies lay their eggs singly on either the upperside or
underside of leaves. The larvae are typically dull green or
brownish, with thin longitudinal lines along the back and sides, and
with black shiny heads. They feed typically on low growing
herbaceous plants, but a small percentage feed on the leaves of
bushes or trees. The pupae are usually dark and smooth, with the
wing cases in a contrasting tone or colour. They are normally formed
within silken tents formed by spinning together the leaves of the
This species is usually found
singly. It is active only on hot sunny days, when it can be found
basking on foliage in areas where dappled sunlight reaches the forest