Butterflies of the
Amazon and Andes
Family - NYMPHALIDAE
Tribe - MELITAEINI
subtribe - PHYCIODINA
Onolulo, Tingo Maria, Peru ©
The tribe Melitaeini
is of worldwide distribution. It includes the Crescents and
Checkerspots of North America and also many familiar European
species such as the Marsh, Spotted and Heath Fritillaries.
Most of the 14
Tegosa species have orange uppersides
with blackish wing borders, and an irregular black diagonal streak
across the forewing connecting the costa to the tornus. There are
exceptions however e.g. tissoides is
entirely dull earthy brown on the upperside, and
nigrella is black with large white
patches. The undersides of Tegosa
species are brownish or greyish in colour, lightly marbled with
dark-edged greyish blotches on the hindwings.
distributed along the Andes from Ecuador to Bolivia.
This species is found
mainly along the foothills of the Andes, at altitudes between about
Unknown, however the
larva of the closely related Tegosa anieta
is reputed to feed on Vernonia and
Mikania ( Asteraceae ),
so it is reasonable to assume that Asteraceae are commonly used by
other Tegosa species.
Males are commonly seen
in groups of up to a dozen, settled on wet ground at the sides of
small streams or fords. They tend to flutter from spot to spot,
fanning their wings rapidly, and periodically pausing to imbibe water.
cloudforest, 900m, Peru ©