Family - NYMPHALIDAE
Nymphalis l-album, Anisimovka, Ussuri,
© J. Michel
recent revision by Walberg includes the 6
Aglais species ( Small Tortoiseshells ), plus the Peacock
Inachis io, the Blue Admiral
Kaniska canace, the Camberwell Beauty
N. antiopa and the 5
Polygonia species within the genus
Nymphalis which consequently now
comprises of 29 species. The genus is very widespread with
representatives across the entire Holarctic region. Only one species
canace reaches into the Oriental
The genus can be
recognised by their angular wing-shape and dark undersides which are
marked with numerous fine blackish striations. Several of the
species carry a white or silvery mark on the underside hindwing,
which often appears in the shape of a symbol or letter, hence the
Latin species names interrogationalis (
question mark ), comma,
c-album, c-aureum and
l-album. The uppersides of the true
Nymphalis species (
) are a rich orange-brown colour, marked with a distinctive pattern
of black spots and blotches.
Nymphalis l-album is distributed from
eastern Europe to northern China and Japan.
This is a lowland and mid-elevation species found in deciduous
forests and woodlands.
The larval foodplants include the trees
Salix and Ulmus.
To be completed.