Family - PAPILIONIDAE
Parnassius charitonius, Shandur Pass,
© J-F. Charmeux
Parnassius, known commonly as Apollos,
comprises of 54 species. Three of these are endemic to North
America, a further 2 are found both in North America and the
Palaearctic, and the remainder are distributed variously across
Europe and temperate Asia.
are instantly recognisable as a genus, having rounded translucent
whitish wings that in most species are adorned with prominent
white-centred red ocelli. Unlike most other Papilionidae they have
short antennae with non-recurved tips.
Many Parnassius species are exceedingly
rare and have a very localised distribution.
is found in Afghanistan, Pakistan, northern India, and across
central Asia to Tibet.
This species breeds on almost barren mountainsides at very high
altitudes ( up to at least 4100m ).
The larval foodplant is Corydalis.
To be completed.