Family - PAPILIONIDAE
Parnassius delphius namanganus, Alabel
© E. Zinszner
Parnassius, known commonly as Apollos,
comprises of 54 species. Three of these are endemic to North
America, a further 2 are found both in North America and the
Palaearctic, and the remainder are distributed variously across
Europe and temperate Asia.
are instantly recognisable as a genus, having rounded translucent
whitish wings that in most species are adorned with prominent
white-centred red ocelli. Unlike most other Papilionidae they have
short antennae with non-recurved tips.
Many Parnassius species are exceedingly
rare and have a very localised distribution, but
delphius is quite widespread, being
found from Afghanistan to northern India, and across central
temperate Asia to Tibet and western China.
This species breeds on rocky mountainsides, typically choosing sites
where there are flat boulders on which they can bask, and crevices
or hollows in which they can hide during bad weather. The
butterflies are generally found at altitudes between about
The larval foodplants include Cysticorydalis
To be completed.