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Butterflies of temperate Asia
Common Blue Apollo
Parnassius hardwickii   GRAY, 1831
Family - PAPILIONIDAE
subfamily - PARNASSIINAE
Tribe -
Parnassius hardwickii, Tangnag, Nepal Marijn van den Brink
Introduction
The genus Parnassius, known commonly as Apollos, comprises of 54 species. Three of these are endemic to North America, a further 2 are found both in North America and the Palaearctic, and the remainder are distributed variously across Europe and temperate Asia.
Parnassius are instantly recognisable as a genus, having rounded translucent whitish wings that in most species are adorned with prominent white-centred red ocelli. Unlike most other Papilionidae they have short antennae with non-recurved tips.
Many Parnassius species are exceedingly rare and have a very localised distribution, but hardwickii is common and widespread in Kashmir, Sikkim, Nepal and Bhutan.
Habitats
Like other Apollos this species breeds on rocky mountainsides, typically choosing sites where there are flat boulders on which they can bask, and crevices or hollows in which they can hide during bad weather. Parnassius hardwickii is found at altitudes between about 3500-4900m.
Lifecycle

The larval foodplants are Saxifragaceae.

Adult behaviour

To be completed.

 

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