Family - NYMPHALIDAE
subfamily - CHARAXINAE
Tribe - CHARAXINI
© Tony Hoare
There are 24 species in the genus Polyura,
most of which are found in the Oriental region, although one species
posidonius is restricted to Tibet and
west China; 6 or 7 are endemic to various islands, e.g.
andrewsi from Christmas Island and
caphontis from Fiji; and one,
pyrrhus reaches Queensland in
The butterflies are
characterised by their distinctive wing shape with twin tails on the
hindwings, a feature strongly reminiscent of the African
Charaxes. Most have dark brown
uppersides with bands of dazzling creamy white which vary in size
and shape from one species to another. These bands are repeated on
the underside, often in a beautiful shade of pale green. In several
species such as delphis and
eudamippus the underside is almost
Polyura eudamippus is a very widespread
species, found in northern India, Nepal, Burma, Thailand, Laos,
peninsular Malaysia, western & central China, and Taiwan.
To be completed.
foodplants are Albizia,
Males are common and
often seen imbibing mineralised moisture from damp sand, gravel, or
road surfaces. It is common to find 2 or 3 males of mixed
Polyura species aggregating on the
ground, feeding avidly at dung. When feeding they are almost oblivious
of humans. If deliberately disturbed however they fly up to settle on
tree foliage nearby, and return as soon as they sense danger has
passed. The flight is very rapid and powerful.