Home

 

 
Butterflies of Europe
Tufted Marbled Skipper
Carcharodus flocciferus  ZELLER, 1847
Family - HESPERIIDAE
subfamily - PYRGINAE
Tribe - PYRGINI
subtribe -
Tufted Marbled Skipper Carcharodus flocciferus, male, Croatia Peter Bruce-Jones
Introduction
There are 8 species in the genus Carcharodus, 7 of which are found in Europe - alceae, lavatherae, tripolinabaeticus, flocciferus, orientalis and stauderi. The remaining species dravira is restricted to Iran, northern India & Pakistan.
All Carcharodus species are dark greyish-brown in colour, marbled with pale grey, and all possess hyaline ( semi-transparent ) "windows" on the forewings, and a band of small white median spots on the hindwings. The males of all species have androconial folds on the leading edge of the fore-wings, which disseminate pheromones to entice females to mate.
Androconial fold of male Carcharodus flocciferus   Peter Bruce-Jones
The various Carcharodus species can be distinguished by close examination of the configuration and shape of the hyaline spots and white markings. Carcharodus flocciferus can be separated from its very similar relative orientalis by looking closely at the white markings on the underside hind-wings. These are prominent and well defined in flocciferus, but suffused in orientalis. Another ID diagnostic is the group of 3 tiny hyaline spots at the apex of the forewing - these are arranged in a crescent in flocciferus, but almost in a straight line in orientalis.
The distribution of orientalis and flocciferus differs. The former is restricted to Hungary, Croatia, Serbia, Bulgaria, Greece, Turkey, Iran and the southern Ural mountains, while flocciferus has a wider distribution, being found in scattered colonies from Spain to southern Siberia and the Altai.
Habitats
This butterfly is found in grassy places including fields, flowery meadows, woodland clearings and alpine pastures at altitudes between about 800-2000m.
Tufted Marbled Skipper Carcharodus flocciferus, Croatia Peter Bruce-Jones
Lifecycle
The butterfly has 2 generations per year, emerging in late May and August.
The larvae feed within silk tents spun on the crowns of woundworts Stachys recta, alpina, officinalis, germanica, palustris, sylvatica and scardica. Larvae of the 2nd brood go into hibernation when quite small, at the base of the foodplants.
Adult behaviour

Males of flocciferus, and to a lesser extent females, are fond of basking with wings outspread on the terminal leaves of woundwort, unlike orientalis which almost always basks on stones or bare ground.

 

 

Contact  /  About me

Butterfly-watching holidays

Trip reports

UK latest sightings

Frequently asked questions

Strange but true !

Taxonomy & Evolution

Anatomy

Lifecycle

Enemies of butterflies

Survival strategies

Migration & dispersal

Habitats - UK / Palaearctic

Habitats - Tropical rainforests

Butterfly world census

Butterflies of the World :

British Isles

Europe

Amazon & Andes

North America

temperate Asia

Africa

Indian subcontinent

Malaysia & Borneo

Papua New Guinea

Australia & N.Z.

Insects of Britain & Europe

Insects of Amazonia

Moths of the Andes

Saturniidae - Silkmoths

Caterpillars of the World

Butterfly Photography

Recommended Books

Glossary

Links

Code of practice

Copyright - text & images

Copyright - text & images

X

X

X

X

 

All photographs, artwork, text & website design are the property of Adrian Hoskins ( unless otherwise stated ) and are protected by Copyright. Photographs or text on this website must not be reproduced in part or in whole or published elsewhere without prior written consent of Adrian Hoskins / learnaboutbutterflies.com

Site hosted by Just Host