Butterflies of Europe
Family - NYMPHALIDAE
subfamily - SATYRINAE
Tribe - SATYRINI
subtribe - EREBIINA
Erebia oeme Trnovac, Gospič, Croatia
© Peter Bruce-Jones
There are about 100 species in the genus
Erebia, distributed variously across
the Holarctic region, with 46 species recorded in Europe.
Almost all species
inhabit damp high altitude grasslands. Most species are dark brown
and feature a series of white-centred black ocelli set within a
suffused area of orange towards the outer part of both wings. The
markings are repeated on the underside but are more subdued.
is found in the Pyrenees, Alps, Dolomites and Carpathian mountains
This species inhabits damp meadows and
woodland glades where there are tall lush grasses. It occurs at
elevations between about 800-2500m.
The eggs are laid singly
at the base of blades of grasses or sedges. The larval foodplants
Briza and Molinia.
The caterpillars normally enter hibernation in the 2nd instar. They
overwinter at the base of grasses and may be buried under snow for
several months. In the spring they awaken and resume feeding,
becoming fully grown by early May. They feed at dusk, high up on the
grass blades, leaving nibbled notches which give away their
Bright-eyed Ringlets have a weak fluttering flight. Males commonly
settle at damp ground to imbibe mineralised moisture, often forming
small aggregations with various Mellicta
and Pyrgus species.