Butterflies of Europe
Family - NYMPHALIDAE
subfamily - SATYRINAE
Tribe - SATYRINI
© Martin Parr
There are 27
Hipparchia species, distributed variously across Europe, Asia
and North Africa.
The uppersides of all species are
dark earthy brown with prominent ocelli on the forewings in spaces 2
and 5, set within broad orange or brownish-white bands. When freshly
emerged they often have a metallic greenish sheen along the costa.
The underside hindwings are cryptically patterned with dark zig-zag
lines and striations, and in most species there is a white band
corresponding to that on the upperside.
is found in Croatia, Bosnia, Serbia, Bulgaria, Greece, Turkey,
Israel, Jordan, Syria and Lebanon. It also occurs on several of the
Greek islands but not on Corfu or Crete.
inhabits hot dry gullies, gorges and slopes abutting coniferous
woodland, and is also found in orchards and olive groves. It occurs
at elevations between sea level and about 600m.
The larvae feed on
unspecified grasses ( Poaceae ).
The adults reportedly spend long periods
resting on shady tree trunks in the heat of the day.