Butterflies of Europe
Eastern Rock Grayling
Family - NYMPHALIDAE
subfamily - SATYRINAE
Tribe - SATYRINI
Mala Paklenica, Croatia
© Peter Bruce-Jones
There are 27
Hipparchia species, distributed variously across Europe, Asia
and North Africa.
The uppersides of all species are
dark earthy brown with prominent ocelli on the forewings in spaces 2
and 5, set within broad orange or brownish-white bands. When freshly
emerged they often have a metallic greenish sheen along the costa.
The underside hindwings are cryptically patterned with dark zig-zag
lines and striations, and in most species there is a white band
corresponding to that on the upperside.
is found in Croatia, Bosnia, Serbia, Bulgaria, Greece, Turkey,
Lebanon, Syria and Iran. It also occurs on several of the
Mediterranean islands including Corfu.
This species inhabits
clearings and glades in hot dry oak forests and pine woodlands, at
elevations between sea level and about 1300m.
The larvae are
crepuscular and feed on unspecified grasses.
Males rest on stones, boulders and tree
trunks where they wait to intercept passing females.
Both sexes visit sap runs.