Butterflies of Europe
Family - NYMPHALIDAE
Limenitis populi, Jósvafő, Hungary
© Peter Bruce-Jones
There are about
25-30 species in the genus Limenitis.
Some such as populi and
camilla are widely distributed across
Europe and temperate Asia. The majority however are largely
restricted to China and the countries of the former Soviet Union.
There are 4 species found in tropical Asia, but there the genus is
largely replaced by Neptis.
The majority of
Limenitis species have black wings,
banded and spotted with white. These markings are repeated on the
underside, which in most species has an orange ground colour, and a
single or double row of black submarginal spots.
The Poplar Admiral
is found over most of continental Europe, and across temperate Asia
to Siberia, China and Japan.
This species is found in mature deciduous woodlands where poplar
trees border unmetalled roads and tracks. It occurs mainly at
elevations between 200-1400m.
egg is laid singly on the upperside of a leaf of the foodplant
Populus tremula ( Salicaceae ). The larva
hibernates when small and resumes feeding in the spring.
Males often descend from the trees to
imbibe fluids from carnivore excrement or other sources of minerals on
the ground. They commonly bask with wings fully outspread while
feeding. The females rarely descend from the trees.