Butterflies of Europe
Family - HESPERIIDAE
subfamily - PYRGINAE
Tribe - PYRGINI
Spialia orbifer, female, Rudanovac, Croatia
© Peter Bruce-Jones
is closely allied to Pyrgus, and
comprises of about 30 species. The majority are wholly or partly
Afrotropical in distribution but there are 3 species which occur in
The most widespread
European species is
sertorius which is found across most of
western Europe and North Africa. the other 2 species have ranges
that overlap: phlomidis is found in
Greece, the Middle East and Russia; and
orbifer is found in Sicily, Hungary, Poland, Serbia, Croatia,
Greece, Turkey, Iran, Afghanistan, Russia and the Urals.
lower elevations this species inhabits hot dry flowery gorges and
scrubland. At higher elevations it is found in dry flowery meadows
and woodland clearings. It occurs from sea level to 2000m.
egg is laid singly on flowerbuds of the foodplant
Sanguisorba ( Rosaceae ). When small it
lives and feeds within the flower but when larger it constructs a
shelter from a folded leaf and feeds on the foliage.
adults have a very rapid and erratic flight, always close to the
ground. They nectar at a wide range of flowers.