Butterflies of the
Family - RIODINIDAE
subfamily - RIODININAE
West Sikkim, India
Abisara comprises of 13 recognised
species found variously in India, Nepal, Sri Lanka, Myanmar, Bhutan,
Thailand, West Malaysia, Sumatra, Borneo, southern China, Laos,
Vietnam, the Philippines, Sulawesi and Java. Additionally there are
11 species found in tropical Africa, and also 3 members of a very
closely related genus Saribia found in
Abisara species have a distinctive
stubby or pointed tail on the hindwings, and possess 2 or more
prominent ocelli near the apex of the hindwings. The majority have
an earthy brown ground colour, although some such as
saturata have a maroon or plum hue which has given rise to
the popular name Plum Judy which is sometimes applied to the group
as a whole.
Abisara fylla occurs in northern India,
Nepal, Bhutan and China.
with most Abisara species
fylla prefers to fly in shade or
dappled sunlight rather than in open areas. This species is found in
the forested foothills of the Himalayas, at elevations between about
The eggs are
pale green, dome-shaped and shiny. They are laid singly on the upper
surface of leaves of the foodplants Myrsinaceae.
are cylindrical, tapering sharply toward the tail and towards the
small yellow head. The pupa is pale green and slug-like, flattened,
with a pointed tail and a blunt head which has a pair of flattened
ear-like protrusions. It is formed on the upper surface of a leaf,
and has the appearance of a small gall or blister.
This species is
usually encountered singly, resting on foliage with the wings
Abisara do not nectar at flowers or
imbibe moisture from the ground - from my observations they appear
to obtain most if not all of their sustenance from aphid and psyllid
secretions ( honeydew ) on the upper surface of leaves.