Butterflies of the Indian subcontinent
Indian Tortoiseshell
Aglais caschmirensis  KOLLAR, 1844
subfamily - NYMPHALINAE
Tribe -
Aglais caschmirensis  Kalejnada, West Sikkim, India Adrian Hoskins
There are 6 species in the genus Aglais, which some workers now consider to be a subgenus within Nymphalis. The Aglais are distinct from Nymphalis in being somewhat smaller in wingspan, and with brighter and more contrasty markings, but the basic wing pattern and colours are very similar.
The most well known and widespread member of the genus is the Small Tortoiseshell Aglais urticae, which occurs across the whole of Europe and most of temperate Asia, but does not occur south of the Himalayan mountains.
There are 3 species found in the Himalayas - ladakensis and rizana are restricted to the western Himalayas, while the illustrated species caschmirensis has a wider distribution, being found across the Himalayan foothills from Kashmir to Sikkim, Bhutan and Tibet.
This species is found on flowery slopes and other semi-open rural habitats in the foothills of the Himalaya, at altitudes between about 1000-4000m.
Aglais caschmirensis  Kalejnada, West Sikkim, India Adrian Hoskins
The larval foodplant is Urtica ( Urticaceae ).
Adult behaviour

Both sexes feed avidly at the nectar of wild and cultivated flowers. Early or late in the day when temperatures are cool they bask on bare ground, or on rocks, with their wings fully outspread. In very warm conditions they settle on soil, and hold their wings erect.

Aglais caschmirensis  Hee Bermiok, Sikkim, India Adrian Hoskins

Aglais caschmirensis  Darjeeling, India Haraprasan Nayak



Contact  /  About me

Butterfly-watching holidays

Trip reports

UK latest sightings

Frequently asked questions

Strange but true !

Taxonomy & Evolution



Enemies of butterflies

Survival strategies

Migration & dispersal

Habitats - UK / Palaearctic

Habitats - Tropical rainforests

Butterfly world census

Butterflies of the World :

British Isles


Amazon & Andes

North America

temperate Asia


Indian subcontinent

Malaysia & Borneo

Papua New Guinea

Australia & N.Z.

Insects of Britain & Europe

Insects of Amazonia

Moths of the Andes

Saturniidae - Silkmoths

Caterpillars of the World

Butterfly Photography

Recommended Books



Code of practice

Copyright - text & images

Copyright - text & images






All photographs, text & website design are the property of Adrian Hoskins unless otherwise stated, and are protected by Copyright. Photographs or text must not be published elsewhere in part or in whole without prior written consent of Adrian Hoskins.