Butterflies of the
Striped Blue Crow
Family - NYMPHALIDAE
subfamily - DANAINAE
Tribe - DANAINI
Euploea mulciber, Chilapata, West Bengal, India
© Adrian Hoskins
The subfamily Danainae, which includes the Monarchs & Tigers, Nymphs
and Crows, comprises of about 190 species worldwide.
genus Euploea is very distinctive. All
of the 59 known species are dark brown in colour, and most have a
double band of white spots on the underside of the wings, and tiny
white spots on the sides of the thorax. On the upperside, males of
most species have a deep blue or purple sheen.
Like all Danaines,
Euploea mulciber is unpalatable to
birds and reptiles, and is mimicked by various other palatable and
unpalatable species, including Chilasa
paradoxa and Elymnias malelas.
Euploea mulciber is found in India,
Bhutan, Myanmar, Thailand, Laos, Cambodia, China, Taiwan, the
Philippines, Malaysia, Sumatra, Borneo, Sulawesi, Java and Bali.
species occurs in rainforest, humid deciduous forest and forest-edge
habitats at elevations between sea level and about 800m.
This species uses a variety of larval foodplants including
( Moraceae ), Ichnocarpus,
Toxocarpus ( Apocynaceae ),
Aristolochia ( Aristolochiae ) and
Argyreia ( Convolvulaceae )
aggregate with other Euploea species to
imbibe moisture from patches of damp ground. Females are more commonly
seen when nectaring at Lantana and other