Butterflies of the
Family - HESPERIIDAE
Cuttack, Orissa, India
© Haraprasan Nayak
There are 4 species in the
genus Gangara, all of which are
Oriental in distribution. The butterflies are large, measuring up to
37mm in wingspan in the case of thyrsis.
Gangara thyrsis is distributed from
India and Sri Lanka to south China, and south across peninsular
Malaysia to Sumatra, Borneo, Palawan and Sulawesi.
This species is found in
lowland habitats, including banana plantations and beach
The primary larval foodplant is banana Musa
( Musaceae ); but coconut Cocos and
bertam palms Eugeissona ( Arecaceae )
are also used.
The larva according to Corbet & Pendlebury is blood-red, and covered
with a loose, white, waxy filamentous material that rubs off if it
The pupa is formed
within a rolled up leaf of the foodplant, and makes a rattling sound
The butterflies are crepuscular
in behaviour, often visiting flowers at dusk, and entering buildings
in the early evening when attracted by house lights.