Butterflies of the Indian subcontinent
Common Jay
Graphium doson  FELDER & FELDER, 1864
subfamily - PAPILIONINAE
Graphium doson Ultapani, Assam, India   Adrian Hoskins
The genus Graphium is widespread in the Old World, with 35 species in the Afrotropical region, 14 in the Oriental region, 6 in the Holarctic ( south & west China ) and 20 in the Australian region.
Almost all of the Oriental and Australasian species are characterised by the presence of a pattern of translucent green, turquoise or yellowish 'windows' in their wings. Arguably the most beautiful and unusual of all the Graphium species is weiskei from Papua, which is patterned with vivid pink and green on a dark brown ground colour. There are a several species however such as antiphates and aristeus which have pure white uppersides, marked with prominent vertical black stripes. A few including antiphates, aristeus and the African policenes have very long sword-like tails. Some of the Oriental species e.g. codrus, cloanthus and certain races of agamemnon have short tails, but in others including sarpedon, doson and eurypylus the tails are greatly reduced or absent.
Graphium doson is one of the most widespread and common of the Oriental species, found in India, Sri Lanka, Myanmar, Loas, Cambodia, China, Taiwan, Korea, Vietman, Japan, the Philippines, West Malaysia, Sumatra, Borneo, Sulawesi and Java.
Graphium doson Ultapani, Assam, India   Adrian Hoskins
This species occurs in forested habitats at altitudes between sea level and about 1000m.
Graphium doson Ultapani, Assam, India   Adrian Hoskins
The larvae feed on the foliage of a wide variety of trees and bushes including Desmos, Mitrephora, Rauwenhoffia, Uvaria, Annona, Polyalthia ( Annonaceae ), Cinnamomum ( Lauraceae ), Diploglottis ( Sapindaceae ), Michelia and Magnolia ( Magnoliaceae ).
Adult behaviour

As with other Graphium species, doson males adopt the 'filter-feeding' technique - using their long proboscises to continually suck up water from which they extract sodium and other minerals. They constantly pump the water through their bodies, expelling the surplus from the anus, and using it to dissolve further minerals from the ground, which they re-imbibe. When feeding on the ground the wings are normally held erect, but kept constantly quivering. It is common to find that almost all the butterflies in an aggregation face in the same direction - into the wind.


Contact  /  About me

Butterfly-watching holidays

Trip reports

UK latest sightings

Frequently asked questions

Strange but true !

Taxonomy & Evolution



Enemies of butterflies

Survival strategies

Migration & dispersal

Habitats - UK / Palaearctic

Habitats - Tropical rainforests

Butterfly world census

Butterflies of the World :

British Isles


Amazon & Andes

North America

temperate Asia


Indian subcontinent

Malaysia & Borneo

Papua New Guinea

Australia & N.Z.

Insects of Britain & Europe

Insects of Amazonia

Moths of the Andes

Saturniidae - Silkmoths

Caterpillars of the World

Butterfly Photography

Recommended Books



Code of practice

Copyright - text & images

Copyright - text & images






All photographs, artwork, text & website design are the property of Adrian Hoskins ( unless otherwise stated ) and are protected by Copyright. Photographs or text on this website must not be reproduced in part or in whole or published elsewhere without prior written consent of Adrian Hoskins / learnaboutbutterflies.com

Site hosted by Just Host