Butterflies of the
Family - PAPILIONIDAE
glycerion male, Sikkim, India
The genus Graphium
is widespread in the Old World, with 35 species in the Afrotropical
region, 14 in the Oriental region, 6 in the Holarctic ( south & west
China ) and 20 in the Australian region.
Many of the
Oriental species have a pattern of translucent turquoise or
yellowish 'windows' in their wings. Several however have a tiger
pattern similar to that of the Danaine genera
Parantica and Tirumala, and
others such as eurous and
glycerion are white with black stripes
and long tails.
glycerion is found in northern India, Nepal, Bhutan,
Thailand, Laos, China and Vietnam.
This species occurs in forested habitats at altitudes between about
The larval foodplant
is not recorded but is likely to be in the family Lauraceae.
As with other
glycerion males adopt the 'filter-feeding' technique - using
their long proboscises to continually suck up water from which they
extract sodium and other minerals. They constantly pump the water
through their bodies, expelling the surplus from the anus, and using
it to dissolve further minerals from the ground, which they re-imbibe.
Graphium glycerion male, Sikkim, India