Butterflies of the
Common Banded Awl
Family - HESPERIIDAE
Hasora chromus, Naodanala, West Bengal,
© Adrian Hoskins
The subfamily Coeliadinae comprises of about 150
species worldwide. They are the most primitive of the skipper
subfamilies. There are 8 genera - Allora
from Australia; Pyrrhiades,
Coeliades from Africa; and the Indo-Australian genera
Hasora consists of about 40 species
distributed from India to Australia. Most species are dark brown
above, and on the underside have pale bands on the hindwings, often
with a purplish, bluish or greenish sheen.
Hasora chromus is a common and very
widespread butterly, found in India, Nepal, Myanmar, Laos, Cambodia
Thailand, China, Vietnam, Japan, Malaysia, Sumatra, Borneo,
Sulawesi, Java, Papua New Guinea and Australia.
This species is found in glades and clearings in
rainforest, deciduous forest and plantations at elevations between
sea level and about 500 metres.
The larval foodplants include
Pongamia, Derris ( Fabaceae ),
Ricinus ( Euphorbiaceae ),
Trichilia ( Meliaceae ), Pithecellobium
( Mimosaceae ), Murraya,
Toddalia ( Rutaceae ) and
Camellia ( Theaceae ), according to
Both sexes fly mainly at dusk and dawn, although
they can be seen during the daytime if conditions are overcast. They
fly very rapidly, always keeping very close to the ground, pausing
momentarily here and there to imbibe moisture from the ground.