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Butterflies of the Indian subcontinent
Common Banded Awl
Hasora chromus  CRAMER, 1780
Family - HESPERIIDAE
subfamily - COELIADINAE
Tribe -
Hasora chromus, Naodanala, West Bengal, India Adrian Hoskins
Introduction
The subfamily Coeliadinae comprises of about 150 species worldwide. They are the most primitive of the skipper subfamilies. There are 8 genera - Allora from Australia; Pyrrhiades, Pyrrhochalcia and Coeliades from Africa; and the Indo-Australian genera Badamia, Choaspes and Hasora.
The genus Hasora consists of about 40 species distributed from India to Australia. Most species are dark brown above, and on the underside have pale bands on the hindwings, often with a purplish, bluish or greenish sheen.
Hasora chromus is a common and very widespread butterly, found in India, Nepal, Myanmar, Laos, Cambodia Thailand, China, Vietnam, Japan, Malaysia, Sumatra, Borneo, Sulawesi, Java, Papua New Guinea and Australia.
Habitats
This species is found in glades and clearings in rainforest, deciduous forest and plantations at elevations between sea level and about 500 metres.
Lifecycle

The larval foodplants include Pongamia, Derris ( Fabaceae ), Ricinus ( Euphorbiaceae ), Swietenia, Trichilia ( Meliaceae ), Pithecellobium ( Mimosaceae ), Murraya, Toddalia ( Rutaceae ) and Camellia ( Theaceae ), according to locality.

Adult behaviour
Both sexes fly mainly at dusk and dawn, although they can be seen during the daytime if conditions are overcast. They fly very rapidly, always keeping very close to the ground, pausing momentarily here and there to imbibe moisture from the ground.

 

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