Butterflies of the
Spangled Queen Fritillary
Family - NYMPHALIDAE
West Sikkim, India
© Adrian Hoskins
Issoria comprises of about a dozen species, split into 2
subgenera. The Yramea group comprises
of 6 neotropical species, while the Issoria
group includes 4 purely African species, plus
lathonia and isaea. Some workers
consider isaea to be a synonym or
subspecies of the Queen of Spain Fritillary
lathonia. The latter is strongly migratory and is found
across Europe, north Africa and the Middle East.
Issoria isaea is found in northern
India, Nepal, Bhutan and China.
inhabits hot, open flowery valleys and gorges at elevations between
The caterpillars been found on a wide range of plants in India
including Viola ( Violaceae ),
Anchusa ( Boraginaceae ) Rubus (
Rosaceae ) and Onobrychis ( Fabaceae ).
The butterflies are usually seen
singly in open flowery areas. Males sometimes imbibe mineralised
moisture from damp sand along riverbanks, but both sexes are most
often seen when nectaring at herbaceous flowers.