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Butterflies of the Indian subcontinent
Dark Archduke
Lexias dirtea  FABRICIUS, 1793
Family - NYMPHALIDAE
subfamily - LIMENITIDINAE
Tribe - ADOLIADINI

Lexias dirtea khasiana female, Ultapani, Assam, India Adrian Hoskins

Introduction
There are 17 species in the genus Lexias, of which 4 are endemic to the Philippines. The remainder occur variously across south-east Asia. There are 3 species recorded in India: cyanipardus, dirtea and pardalis.
Lexias dirtea is found in north India, Myanmar, Thailand, Laos, Cambodia, south China, Vietnam, the Philippines, Malaysia, Sumatra, Borneo and Java.
Habitats
This butterfly is found in rainforest at elevations between about 100-800m.
Lifecycle
To be completed.
Adult behaviour

Males visit damp patches to imbibe mineralised moisture, and also attend dung, carrion and fallen fruits on the forest floor. Females are usually seen deep in the forest, basking on leaves in areas of dappled sunlight.

Lexias dirtea khasiana male, Ultapani, Assam, India Adrian Hoskins

 

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