Butterflies of the
Family - HESPERIIDAE
Manas, Assam, India
The Hesperiinae are a vast subfamily,
characterised by their wide heads, large eyes, thick bodies, and
their habit of basking with their forewings held at a 45° angle, and
hindwings held horizontally.
There are about 400
Hesperiinae in the Oriental region, of which 8 are placed in the
On the Indian
subcontinent there are 4 Oriens species
- gola, paragola,
Oriens goloides is found in India,
Nepal, Sri Lanka, Myanmar, Thailand and peninsular Malaysia.
This species is found in sunny glades and
clearings in secondary forest and plantations, and along roadsides,
riverbanks and other sheltered grassy habitats at elevations between
The egg is dome-shaped, shiny and straw coloured.
It is laid singly on the upperside of leaves of the foodplants. The
larva is whitish dorsally, suffusing into pale green below the
spiracles. The body segments are wrinkled vertically, and densely
covered with tiny tubercles, giving the skin a rough texture. The
foodplants are grasses but the species appear to be unrecorded. The
chrysalis is formed within a tube constructed from a rolled grass
Both sexes can commonly be seen darting about in
the sunshine in grassy habitats, often settling on low herbage to
rest, usually keeping their wings held erect. In weak or hazy
sunlight they bask in the characteristic Hesperiine posture.