Home

 

 
Butterflies of the Indian subcontinent
Great Mormon
Papilio memnon  LINNAEUS, 1758
Family - PAPILIONIDAE
subfamily - PAPILIONINAE
Tribe - PAPILIONINI
Papilio memnon agenor  Ultapani, Assam, India Adrian Hoskins
Introduction
There are about 60 species of Papilio in the Oriental region, and 210 species worldwide.
Papilio memnon is polymorphic, i.e. it produces several different colour forms. Males of all forms are black, finely peppered with greenish or blue scales. In the Sumatran race coeruleus the blue scales almost completely obscure the hindwing ground colour.
Females exist in at least 20 varieties, some of which have spatulate tails while others are tailless. In most female forms the forewings are brown with dark intraneural streaks. The hindwings are black with patches of red, orange and/or white. Papilio memnon can be distinguished from most other Papilio species by the presence of a red patch at the base of the wings on the underside.
Papilio memnon occurs in India, Nepal, Myanmar, Thailand, Laos, Cambodia and China.
Habitats
This species is found in rainforest at elevations between sea level and about 800m.
Lifecycle
The larvae feed on a wide range of foodplants including Fortunella, Poncirus, Severenia, Atalantia, Paramygnia, Toddalia, Xanthoxylum, Citrus ( Rutaceae ), Magnolia, Michelia ( Magnoliaceae ) and Aristolochia ( Aristolochiaceae ).
Adult behaviour

Males sometimes imbibe mineralised moisture from wet ground but both sexes are more commonly seen when nectaring at flowering bushes.

Papilio memnon agenor  Ultapani, Assam, India Adrian Hoskins

 

 

Contact  /  About me

Butterfly-watching holidays

Trip reports

UK latest sightings

Frequently asked questions

Strange but true !

Taxonomy & Evolution

Anatomy

Lifecycle

Enemies of butterflies

Survival strategies

Migration & dispersal

Habitats - UK / Palaearctic

Habitats - Tropical rainforests

Butterfly world census

Butterflies of the World :

British Isles

Europe

Amazon & Andes

North America

temperate Asia

Africa

Indian subcontinent

Malaysia & Borneo

Papua New Guinea

Australia & N.Z.

Insects of Britain & Europe

Insects of Amazonia

Moths of the Andes

Saturniidae - Silkmoths

Caterpillars of the World

Butterfly Photography

Recommended Books

Glossary

Links

Code of practice

Copyright - text & images

Copyright - text & images

X

X

X

X

 

All photographs, text & website design are the property of Adrian Hoskins unless otherwise stated, and are protected by Copyright. Photographs or text must not be published elsewhere in part or in whole without prior written consent of Adrian Hoskins.