Butterflies of the Indian subcontinent
Great Mormon
Papilio memnon  LINNAEUS, 1758
subfamily - PAPILIONINAE
Papilio memnon agenor  Ultapani, Assam, India Adrian Hoskins
There are about 60 species of Papilio in the Oriental region, and 210 species worldwide.
Papilio memnon is polymorphic, i.e. it produces several different colour forms. Males of all forms are black, finely peppered with greenish or blue scales. In the Sumatran race coeruleus the blue scales almost completely obscure the hindwing ground colour.
Females exist in at least 20 varieties, some of which have spatulate tails while others are tailless. In most female forms the forewings are brown with dark intraneural streaks. The hindwings are black with patches of red, orange and/or white. Papilio memnon can be distinguished from most other Papilio species by the presence of a red patch at the base of the wings on the underside.
Papilio memnon occurs in India, Nepal, Myanmar, Thailand, Laos, Cambodia and China.
This species is found in rainforest at elevations between sea level and about 800m.
The larvae feed on a wide range of foodplants including Fortunella, Poncirus, Severenia, Atalantia, Paramygnia, Toddalia, Xanthoxylum, Citrus ( Rutaceae ), Magnolia, Michelia ( Magnoliaceae ) and Aristolochia ( Aristolochiaceae ).
Adult behaviour

Males sometimes imbibe mineralised moisture from wet ground but both sexes are more commonly seen when nectaring at flowering bushes.

Papilio memnon agenor  Ultapani, Assam, India Adrian Hoskins



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