Butterflies of the Indian subcontinent
Indian Cabbage White
Pieris canidia  LINNAEUS, 1768
subfamily - PIERINAE
Pieris canidia, Hee Bermiok, Sikkim, India  Adrian Hoskins
There may be as many as 34 species of Pieris worldwide, although the status of some is uncertain. The commonest and most widespread species is rapae, which was originally restricted to Europe and temperate Asia but has been introduced by man to North America, Africa, s.e. Asia, Australia and New Zealand.
The genus can be divided into 2 groups - the 'Large' Whites brassicae, cheiranthi, deota & tadjika; and the smaller species including rapae, mannii, napi and canidia which have more rounded fore-wings. Some taxonomists place the latter group into a distinct genus Artogeia, citing characteristics including chromosome number, ovipositing behaviour and larval morphology.
Pieris canidia is found in India, Bhutan, Myanmar, Tibet, Laos, Cambodia, Thailand, China, Taiwan, Japan and Malaysia.
This species is primarily associated with open rural mid-elevation habitats but can also be found in rainforests, deciduous woodlands and Acacia scrub at elevations between about 100-2000m.
The larval foodplants include Cardamine, Lepidium, Raphanus, Brassica, Cleome, Alstonia, Arabis and Rorippa ( Brassicaceae ).
Adult behaviour

This species is usually found either singly or in two's and three's, flying in open glades, field edges, gardens, or along riverbanks. Both sexes visit a wide range of herbaceous flowers, fluttering from plant to plant and rarely settling for long. During overcast conditions they roost openly on herbage.


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