Home

 

 
Butterflies of the Indian subcontinent
Blue Tiger
Tirumala limniace  CRAMER, 1775
Family - NYMPHALIDAE
subfamily - DANAINAE
Tribe - DANAINI
Tirumala limniace, Chilapata, West Bengal, India  Adrian Hoskins
Introduction
The subfamily Danainae, which includes the Monarchs & Tigers, Nymphs and Crows, comprises of about 190 species worldwide.
The genus Tirumala is structurally closer to Danaus than to the other similarly marked genera i.e. Ideopsis and Parantica.
There are 10 Tirumala species, 2 of which occur in Africa, with the remainder distributed across various parts of tropical and sub-tropical Asia, although one species hamata has a range extending from Arabia to Australia.
Tirumala limniace is a widespread species, found from Afghanistan to the Philippines, and south to Sulawesi, Java, Bali and Timor. It is fairly common in India, Sri Lanka, lowland Nepal, Burma and Thailand, but is is rare on the Malay peninsula, and absent from Sumatra and Borneo.
Habitats
This species occurs in many habitats ranging from Acacia scrub to dry deciduous woodlands, humid sub-tropical forests, gardens and parks at altitudes between sea level and about 300m.
Lifecycle
The larval foodplants include Dreggea, Heterostemma, Asclepias, Calotropis, Marsdenia, Crotalaria, Hoya and Epibaterium.
Adult behaviour

The butterflies are usually encountered singly or in two's and three's. They have a slow undulating flight, with fairly shallow wing beats, and patrol flowery areas.

Tirumala limniace, female, Weligaththa, Sri Lanka  Adrian Hoskins

 

 

Contact  /  About me

Butterfly-watching holidays

Trip reports

UK latest sightings

Frequently asked questions

Strange but true !

Taxonomy & Evolution

Anatomy

Lifecycle

Enemies of butterflies

Survival strategies

Migration & dispersal

Habitats - UK / Palaearctic

Habitats - Tropical rainforests

Butterfly world census

Butterflies of the World :

British Isles

Europe

Amazon & Andes

North America

temperate Asia

Africa

Indian subcontinent

Malaysia & Borneo

Papua New Guinea

Australia & N.Z.

Insects of Britain & Europe

Insects of Amazonia

Moths of the Andes

Saturniidae - Silkmoths

Caterpillars of the World

Butterfly Photography

Recommended Books

Glossary

Links

Code of practice

Copyright - text & images

Copyright - text & images

X

X

X

X

 

All photographs, artwork, text & website design are the property of Adrian Hoskins ( unless otherwise stated ) and are protected by Copyright. Photographs or text on this website must not be reproduced in part or in whole or published elsewhere without prior written consent of Adrian Hoskins / learnaboutbutterflies.com

Site hosted by Just Host