Butterflies of the
Family - NYMPHALIDAE
subfamily - SATYRINAE
Tribe - SATYRINI
subtribe - SATYRINA
© Haraprasan Nayak
The genus Ypthima
comprises of 108 known species. 16 of these are restricted to the
Afrotropical region. One is found only in Australia and Papua New
Guinea. Most of the remainder are found in various parts of the
Oriental region. The species with the widest distribution is
asterope, which is found in sub-Saharan Africa, Arabia,
Turkey, Lebanon, and on the Indian sub-continent.
Ypthima are instantly recognisable as a
group. All are marked with fine striations on the underside, and
possess a submarginal series of yellow-ringed black ocelli.
Ypthima sakra is found in northern
India, Nepal, Bhutan, Tibet and south-west China.
species is found in grassy forest edge habitats and secondary
growth, at elevations between about 500-2000 metres.
The larvae feed nocturnally on grasses.
Both sexes prefer
flying in overcast weather, and are not averse to flying in light
rain. They can be found basking on leaf litter or low herbage, but are
quite nervous in behaviour; and if disturbed tend to spend a
considerable time fluttering about close to the ground before