Thailand, Malaysia & Borneo
Family - NYMPHALIDAE
subfamily - CHARAXINAE
Tribe - CHARAXINI
Taman Negara, West Malaysia
© David Fischer
The Charaxinae are a group of large, robust
Nymphalids characterised by their rapid and powerful flight, falcate
apexes, and a habit of feeding at dung and carrion.
They are represented in Africa by
Palla; in the neotropics by Consul,
and Agrias; and in the Oriental and
Australian regions by Polyura and
is found across most of the Oriental region including India, Nepal,
Myanmar, Thailand, West Malaysia, Sumatra, Borneo, China, the
Philippines, China, Java and Bali.
species is found in rainforest and humid deciduous forest at
elevations between sea level and about 500m.
larval foodplants include Adenanthera,
Albizia ( Fabaceae ) and
Males feed at mammalian dung, from which they obtain vital salts
which are passed to the females during copulation. Both sexes fly to
forested hilltops where courtship and copulation take place.