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Butterflies of Thailand, Malaysia & Borneo
Tawny Rajah
Charaxes bernardus  FABRICIUS, 1793
Family - NYMPHALIDAE
subfamily - CHARAXINAE
Tribe - CHARAXINI
Charaxes bernardus, Taman Negara, West Malaysia David Fischer
Introduction
The Charaxinae are a group of large, robust Nymphalids characterised by their rapid and powerful flight, falcate apexes, and a habit of feeding at dung and carrion. They are represented in Africa by Charaxes, Euxanthe and Palla; in the neotropics by Consul, Memphis, Prepona and Agrias; and in the Oriental and Australian regions by Polyura and Charaxes.
Charaxes bernardus is found across most of the Oriental region including India, Nepal, Myanmar, Thailand, West Malaysia, Sumatra, Borneo, China, the Philippines, China, Java and Bali.
Habitats
This species is found in rainforest and humid deciduous forest at elevations between sea level and about 500m.
Lifecycle
The larval foodplants include Adenanthera, Albizia ( Fabaceae ) and Acronychia ( Rutaceae ).
Adult behaviour
Males feed at mammalian dung, from which they obtain vital salts which are passed to the females during copulation. Both sexes fly to forested hilltops where courtship and copulation take place.
 
 

 

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