Thailand, Malaysia &
FELDER & FELDER,
Family - NYMPHALIDAE
Tribe - VAGRANTINI
The genus Cirrochroa
comprises of 18 species, of which 15 occur in the Oriental region,
plus 2 on Papua New Guinea, and one on the island of Biak.
Cirrochroa orissa is the commonest and
most widespread member of the genus in Malaysia, and also occurs in
Myanmar, Thailand, Sumatra and Kalimantan.
This species occurs in forest edge habitats at
elevations between sea level and about 1000 metres but is much
commoner at elevations below 400m.
The egg is
melon-shaped, shiny and pearly white; and adorned with several
vertical rows of tiny tubercles. It is laid singly on leaves of the
foodplant Hydnocarpus ( Flacourtiaceae
The head, thorax
and and rear section of the larva are golden yellow, while the
middle section is dark red. The thorax and abdomen bear several rows
of long black multi-branched spines, each tipped with white.
The chrysalis is a
most extraordinary object - it is white, mottled with black, and is
adorned with numerous long white motile filaments n the back and
sides, and looks remarkably like a piece of lichen or a fungal
This species is usually seen in one's and two's
flying around forest edges, or along forest roads and tracks, often
in the company of Cupha erymanthis.
Like that species, it commonly settles on foliage to bask with the
wings held almost fully open.
Males can also be
found imbibing moisture from forest tracks, preferring areas of
dappled sunlight, but do not normally visit sandbanks. They appear
to be territorial in behaviour in as much as they will spend several
days occupying a particular spot along a forest trail.
Cirrochroa orissa orissa,
Taman Negara, West Malaysia ©