Thailand, Malaysia &
Family - PAPILIONIDAE
Tribe - LEPTOCIRCINI
This beautiful species was for many years placed
in a genus of its own, Pathysa, but
taxonomists have since decided that it should be transferred back to
its original genus Graphium.
The genus Graphium
is widespread in the Old World, with 35 species in the Afrotropical
region, 14 in the Oriental region, 6 in the Holarctic ( south & west
China ) and 20 in the Australian region.
Most of the
Oriental and Australasian species are characterised by the presence
of a pattern of
translucent green, turquoise or yellowish "windows" in their wings.
There are a few however such as antiphates
and euphrates which are predominantly
white, marked with vertical black stripes. Arguably the most
beautiful and unusual of all is weiskei
from Papua, a tailed species patterned with vivid pink and green on
a dark brown ground colour.
species such as antiphates and the
African policenes have very long
sword-like tails, while in others such as
sarpedon and eurypylus the tails
are greatly reduced or absent.
is a widespread and common species, found from India to south China;
and south through peninsular Malaysia to Borneo, Sumatra, Java and
This species is found in primary rainforest at
elevations between sea level and about 400 metres.
The caterpillar reportedly feeds on
and Uvaria, all members of the
Males of this fast
flying species often migrate along river courses, where they
commonly aggregate with other Graphium
species to imbibe mineralised moisture. While feeding the normally
quiver the wings rapidly.
In common with many
other species they filter-feed, using their proboscises to suck up
water from which they extract sodium and other minerals. They
constantly pump water through their bodies, expelling the surplus
from the anus, using it to dissolve further minerals from the
ground, which they re-imbibe.
Taman Negara, West Malaysia ©