Thailand, Malaysia & Borneo
Eliot's Bush Brown
Family - NYMPHALIDAE
subfamily - SATYRINAE
Tribe - MYCALESINA
Taman Negara, West Malaysia
© David Fischer
Mycalesis is one of
the largest Satyrine genera, comprising of 88 known species, of
which 2 have yet to be given scientific names. The genus is confined
to the Oriental and Australian regions.
The butterflies are
instantly recognisable as a group, all being some shade of brown on
both wing surfaces, and marked with a series of conspicuous ocelli,
and a single straight median line across the underside of both
wings. Many of the species are very similar, but can usually be
distinguished from each other by close examination of the
configuration of the ocelli and submarginal lines.
is found in India, Burma, West Malaysia, Sumatra and Borneo.
species is found in open areas of primary rainforest, mainly along
the narrow forest trails, at elevations between sea level and about
I have no data
regarding patiana but the lifecycle
will be similar to that of other Mycalesis
species: The eggs are spherical and glossy, and typically white or
yellowish in colour. The larvae tend to be greenish or brownish in
colour, with a dark head which bears a pair of short horns. They
feed on grasses, sedges or bamboos. The pupae are pale green, and
usually unmarked except for minor striations or dots.
butterflies tend to be found along narrow trails at spots where
dappled sunlight penetrates to ground level. They fly infrequently
and always keep low to the ground, settling on dead leaf litter
rather than living foliage. The flight is
slow, bobbing and erratic, as is typical of Satyrines.