Thailand, Malaysia &
Family - NYMPHALIDAE
Tribe - NEPTINI
Taman Negara, West Malaysia ©
The Lascars are similar in pattern and wing shape
to the Neptis Sailors, but the stripes
and bands on the upperside wings are orange instead of white.
There are about
15-18 species in the genus Pantoporia,
of which 5 are found in West Malaysia, the remainder being found in
various other parts of the Oriental region, or on Papua New Guinea
and surrounding areas.
Pantoporia hordonia is by far the
commonest and most widespread member of the genus, being found from
India and Sri Lanka to south China, Taiwan and the Philippines; and
south through the Malay archipelago to Java and Lombok.
This butterfly is found in disturbed areas of
primary rainforest, including in small clearings; and along forested
riverbanks at elevations between sea level and about 300 metres.
The egg is pale green and covered in a network of
hexagonal ridges from which arise numerous very short spikes. It is
laid singly on the underside of leaves of the foodplants.
The caterpillar is
pale olive green, with a large straw-coloured 'saddle' which tapers
towards the anal segment, and extends to below the spiracles along
the first 4 abdominal segments. Along the sides, within the saddle
area are 4 diagonal dark olive stripes. The head is smooth, and
olive in colour. The caterpillar feeds on withered leaves of
Pithecellobium and possibly other Mimosaceae.
The chrysalis is
pale brown with blackish markings, dark green wing cases, and a
group of white circular spots on the thorax. It is suspended by the
cremaster from a leaf or twig.
have a sailing flight similar to that of
Neptis, but not as graceful. They
are usually seen singly, most often along narrow
trails or small glades in heavily forested areas.
I have not observed males mud-puddling, or seen
either sex nectar at flowers, but have often seen them basking among
leaf litter in places where dappled sunlight reaches the forest