Thailand, Malaysia &
Family - NYMPHALIDAE
subfamily - SATYRINAE
Tribe - RAGADIINI
There are 9 species in the genus
Ragadia, all of which are Oriental in
The genus is instantly recognisable from the
zebra-striped pattern, and the long series of evenly-sized ocelli on
the outer part of the underside wings. The pattern on the upperside
is similar but considerably paler, and in many species almost
obscured by a heavy suffusion of brown scales.
Only 2 species
occur in West Malaysia - makuta and
crisilda, the latter being more
brightly marked, and having the ocelli on the hindwing set within a
Ragadia makuta is found in southern
Thailand, peninsular Malaysia, Sumatra, Borneo and Java.
This species is found at elevations between about 400-1400m in
sub-tropical and temperate forests, usually in dark humid forest
close to streams. It's abundance and distribution are both
significantly affected by levels of rainfall, with populations
decimated after high rainfall or periods of drought.
Corbet & Pendlebury describe the larva as being
"highly abnormal... It has short head horns and tail points, and on
each segment there is a pair of subdorsal conical tubercules, from
which a seta
( hair ) emerges bearing a drop of liquid". The
foodplant is Selaginella (
Selaginnaceae ), a fern-like plant commonly known as spikemoss.
The butterflies have a feeble fluttery flight,
and rarely fly more than a couple of metres at a time. They are
extremely localised - typically occuring in clusters of about 10-20
along a very short stretch of a narrow forest trail, but being
entirely absent elsewhere in the vicinity.
Robinson Falls, Tanah Rata, West Malaysia ©