Thailand, Malaysia &
Family - NYMPHALIDAE
Tribe - VAGRANTINI
There are 8 species in the genus
Terinos, most of which are restricted
to particular parts of the Oriental or Australian regions, although
clarissa and atlita are all
Both sexes of
rich purple above with 2 large whitish lunules near the termen on
the hindwing. They can easily be distinguished from the other
Malaysian species atlita and
clarissa, as both of these have the
termen extended into a short stubby tail.
Terinos terpander is found in Myanmar,
Thailand, West Malaysia, Singapore, Sumatra, Sarawak, Brunei, Sabah,
Kalimantan and Java.
In Malaysia this species inhabits rainforest at
elevations between sea level and about 600 metres. It tends to be
found in open areas such as along roadsides, boardwalks and wider
The egg is barrel-shaped, pearly-white in colour,
and has about 20 vertical ribs, each connected by a series of tiny
ridges. It is laid singly on the underside of leaves of the
The larva when fully grown is a dirty pale green
colour, with a series of dark green, cream, and greyish
stripes running from the orange head to the anal segment.
There is a double row of long unbranched shiny black spines along
the back, and a row of shorter spines above the spiracles. It has
been bred in captivity on Rinorea anguifera
( Violaceae ), but in the wild has been found in Sumatra on
Antidesma ( Euphorbiaceae ).
chrysalis is pale green, with a dark pink line running along the
edge of the wing cases either side of the thorax. It has a double
row of pink curved spikes along the back, those on the 2nd abdominal
segment having chrome silver bases, and those on the 3rd abdominal
segment being particularly long, with hooked tips rather like
The adults are active mainly in the mornings,
either in overcast or bright sunny conditions. They tend to sit
still for long periods later in the day, but can sometimes be
disturbed from rest.
Males tend to flit
from leaf to leaf, basking here and there for a moment or two before
They can also occasionally be seen on the ground
imbibing moisture, and at these times tend to flit constantly from
spot to spot, while slowly fanning their wings.
Terinos terpander robertsia,
Gopeng, West Malaysia ©