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Butterflies of Mexico, USA & Canada
Mormon Metalmark
Apodemia mormo  FELDER & FELDER, 1859
Family - RIODINIDAE
subfamily - RIODININAE
Tribe -
Apodemia mormo Arizona, USA Frank Model
Introduction
There are 15 Apodemia species. The distribution of the genus is disjointed - the great majority of species are centred on the south-west USA and Mexico, with two species multiplaga and walkeri reaching Costa Rica. There are no species in the Andes or in Amazonia, but there are 2 in Brazil - castanea from Rio de Janeiro, and paucipuncta which is endemic to Minas Gerais.
Apodemia mormo is endemic to the south-western states of USA.
Habitats
This species is associated with dry rocky valleys, scrubby plains, prairies and semi-desert habitats.
Lifecycle
The eggs are dome-shaped and white. They are laid in pairs or sometimes in small clusters, on the underside of leaves of the larval foodplant buckwheat Eriogonum ( Polygonaceae ). The caterpillar is plump and bears long dorsal and lateral setae. When fully grown it is purplish or pink in colour, with a broken yellow line below the spiracles, a double-row of yellow spots along the back, and a double row of blackish dorsal tubercles. The pupa is similarly coloured, and has reddish wing pads.
Adult behaviour

Both sexes nectar at a wide range of flowers.

 

 

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