Mexico, USA & Canada
Family - RIODINIDAE
subfamily - RIODININAE
Mountains, Arizona, USA
© Frank Model
There are 15 Apodemia species. The
distribution of the genus is disjointed - the great majority of
species are centred on the south-west USA and Mexico, with two
species multiplaga and
walkeri reaching Costa Rica. There are
no species in the Andes or in Amazonia, but there are 2 in Brazil -
castanea from Rio de Janeiro, and
paucipuncta which is endemic to Minas
is endemic to the south-western states of USA.
This species is associated with chaparral and dry open woodland.
The egg is ovoid and white. It is laid singly in the fork of a twig,
or on the flowers or leaves of the larval foodplants
Ceanothus ( Rhamnaceae ) and
Prunus ( Rosaceae ). The larva is plump
and has tufts of short bristly dorsal and lateral setae. When fully
grown it is pinkish in colour, with dark mid-dorsal stripe, either
side of which are wide suffused white stripes. The pupa is earthy
brown with a pair of whitish dorsal stripes, and dark wing pads.
imbibe mineralised moisture from damp ground. Both sexes visit a wide
range of flowers for nectar. Males adopt alternating perch and patrol
strategies to locate females.