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Butterflies of the Amazon and Andes
Dull Firetip
Apyrrothrix araxes  HEWITSON, 1867
Family - HESPERIIDAE
subfamily - PYRRHOPYGINAE
tribe - PYRRHOPYGINI
Apyrrothrix araxes, Fort Huachuca, Arizona, USA Frank Model
Introduction
The subfamily Pyrrhopyginae comprises 163 species, most of which are confined to the Neotropics, although a few occur in Mexico, and a single species Apyrrothrix araxes reaches Arizona.
The Pyrrhopyginae are characterised by having a massive muscular thorax and a conical abdomen with compressed segments. The wings of most species are black, often with a metallic blue sheen, and are swept back, half covering the hindwings when the butterflies settle.
Apyrrothrix araxes occurs in Arizona, New Mexico, Texas and northern Mexico.
Habitats
This species is found in open oak woodland in semi-desert habitats.
Lifecycle
The fully grown larva is reddish-brown with narrow yellow rings around each segment. It feeds on Quercus arizonica ( Fagaceae ). It lives in a shelter constructed from a folded leaf, fastened with a few strands of silk, and builds a new shelter after each moult. The pupa is formed within the final leaf shelter. It is brownish, and the joints between the segments are maroon. It is covered with a flaky white powder.
Adult behaviour

Males imbibe at the edge of puddles or streams. Both sexes ne4ctar at a wide range of flowers including Aster, Cirsium, Centaurea and Eupatorium.

 

 

 

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