Mexico, USA & Canada
BOISDUVAL & LE
Family - NYMPHALIDAE
subfamily - APATURINAE
Asterocampa celtis antonia
© Chris Orpin
There are 4
Asterocampa species. Three of these
leilia and clyton are all found
in central America and the southern states of the USA. They are all
similar in appearance, being marked with dark brown and white on a
tawny background, and having a series of black ocelli on the
hindwings. The fourth species idyja is
found from Mexico to Puerto Rico and also on Cuba and Hispaniola. It
is unlike the others, being mostly brown but with a broad creamy
diagonal bar across the forewings, and a black apex with a pair of
white subapical spots.
is found across much of the USA, and in Mexico. Subspecies
antonia is found in California, Texas,
Arizona and in north and central Mexico.
The butterfly breeds in scrub-desert, and in lightly wooded valleys
and gorges, often in the vicinity of rivers or streams.
The eggs are pale green, and are laid either singly or in clusters
of up to 20 on the lower surface of leaves of
Celtis ( Ulmaceae ) or sometimes on the twigs or bark. The
larvae are gregarious at first but disperse and become solitary in
later instars. The fully grown larva is pale green with a series of
backward-pointing oblique yellow dashes, and thin yellow dorsal and
lateral stripes. Its skin is rough in texture, and it possesses a
pair of forward-pointing horns on the head. The pupa is bluish-green
or yellowish-green and is suspended by the cremaster from a leaf of
Males feed at sap runs, or at dung,
carrion or decomposing fruit on the forest floor. They perch on tree
trunks, foliage or boulders to await and intercept passing females.
Females nectar at flowers including Eupatorium.