Mexico, USA & Canada
Family - NYMPHALIDAE
Chlosyne hippodrome, Mexico ©
Chlosyne comprises of about 26 species,
and is largely Central American in distribution, although there are
several species which are found only in North America.
Most of the species
have a black ground colour, and are marked with bands or patches of
cream and reddish-orange, often in conjunction with a series of
white spots in the post-median area of fore and hind wings. The legs
of most species are orange. In all species the antennae are fairly
short, straight, and end in a flattened club.
is distributed from Mexico to Colombia.
This species breeds
in disturbed areas of deciduous woodland, including forest edge
habitats, small meadows, orchards and clearings, at altitudes
between sea level and about 1000m. The butterflies are generally
more abundant in the vicinity of rivers and streams, particularly in
the dry season.
The eggs are pale
green. They are laid in large batches on the underside of leaves of
When fully grown
the caterpillars are black with white markings, and adorned with
black spines. In the early instars they feed gregariously, but
gradually become independent as they develop. They feed on
Melanthera aspera ( Asteraceae ).
Males often settle
on overhanging tree foliage along forest tracks. From this position
they survey and intercept passing females. Males sometimes imbibe
mineralised moisture from river edges, damp soil or cattle dung.
Both sexes commonly nectar at a wide range of herbaceous plants, but
strongly favour Asteraceae. They tend tend to fan their wings slowly
while they feed.