Mexico, USA & Canada
Family - PIERIDAE
© Adrian Hoskins
The Dismorphiinae are a small subfamily of dainty
"whites" that include the Wood Whites of Europe, and about 50
Features common to all Dismorphiine genera include the tapered and
down-curved antennae, long thin abdomens, elongated forewings, and
some genera such as Dismorphia sexual
dimorphism is very pronounced. The females look like fairly typical
Pierids, but the males are often patterned in orange and black, and
closely resemble the 'tiger complex' Ithomiines. In
Enantia sexual dimorphism is less
pronounced - the females are paler and less heavily marked than
males, but otherwise quite similar.
Enantia comprises of
9 species, 4 of which ( mazai,
and albania ) reach as far north as
Mexico, while the remainder are restricted to South America. The
ground colour on the upperside varies according to species, from
pure white to yellow or orange. The apex and outer margins are
black, but the markings vary in width and shape from species to
The underside colour of all species is quite
the species requires examination of the upperside apical markings,
and the pattern on the underside. In mazai
for example the latter has pale brownish blotches while in
limnorina there are greyish bars which vary in curvature
according to species.
Enantia lina occurs from Mexico to
Bolivia and Uruguay. There are 11 named subspecies.
This species is found in forested habitats at altitudes between
about 400-1500m. It is usually seen in mildly disturbed areas such
as roadsides and riverbanks.
The early stages are unknown.
Males are usually encountered among
aggregations of mud-puddling butterflies, and are strongly attracted
to urine-tainted sand. They always keep their wings closed while
feeding, and often adopt a forward-canted position.