Mexico, USA & Canada
Family - NYMPHALIDAE
subfamily - SATYRINAE
Tribe - SATYRINI
subtribe - EUPTYCHIINA
© Tony Hoare
There are 1100 known species of Satyrinae in the neotropical region.
About 400 of these are placed in the Euptychiina. Butterflies within
this tribe include the "ringlet" genera
Magneuptychia, Harjesia etc;
together with Oressinoma and the
various "wood nymph" genera i.e. Parataygetis,
Taygetis. Most are inhabitants of the forest understorey and
tend to fly close to the ground. They generally avoid sunlight and
prefer to fly at dawn or on cloudy days when light levels and
temperatures are low.
recently almost all of the "ringlets" were placed in the genus
but revisions by Forster and Lamas divide this convenience genus
into a number of smaller genera, on the basis of anatomical
differences and larval foodplants.
The redefined genus
Euptychia now contains only 29 species, 16 of which have been
discovered since 2002.
is found from Mexico to Ecuador.
occurs in wet tropical rainforest at elevations between 0-600m.
The egg is smooth, globular and laid singly. The fully grown
caterpillar is green, mottled with darker and lighter green. It is
covered with fleshy warts, and is wonderfully well camouflaged as it
rests on the leaves or stems of its foodplant spikemoss
Selaginella ( Selaginellaceae ).
is usually seen along forest trails, and prefers flying in dappled
sunlight. During the heat of the day, the butterflies hide away in
shady areas of undergrowth. Normally they keep their wings firmly
closed when at rest, but immediately after ovipositing females
commonly bask for a few minutes with their wings fully outspread.