Mexico, USA & Canada
Eurema arbela (
Family - PIERIDAE
subfamily - COLIADINAE
© Peter Bruce-Jones
Eurema was until fairly recently
represented in North, Central and South America by 31 species, but
phylogenetic analysis has led to 12 of these being reassigned to
Pyrisitia, leaving a total of 19
currently recognised Eurema species in
the Americas. Elsewhere in the world 11 species are found in Africa,
2 in Madagascar, and 9 in the Oriental and Australian regions.
These smallish butterflies are characterised by
having yellow or white uppersides, with dark apical markings. The
forewings have a strongly curved costa and a squarish apex. In most
species the hindwings are rounded, but in
salome, mexicana and
arbela the termen is projected to a
The various species can be told apart by the
pattern of mottled dark markings on the underside hindwings, and by
the black borders on the upperside forewings, which differ according
Eurema arbela is found from Mexico to
This species was
previously known as Eurema boisduvaliana,
hence the common name.
This is a pre-montane cloudforest species, occurring along
roadsides, riverbanks and forest edge habitats at elevations between
To be completed.
are usually encountered singly, or occasionally in two's or three's,
seen imbibing dissolved minerals from damp ground at the edge of
ditches, runnels or roadside banks in forested areas.
are more often seen nectaring at flowers along roadsides and
riverbanks, or when exploring sunny wood edge habitats in search of
The flight is fluttery but fairly
rapid, and always close to the ground.