Mexico, USA & Canada
Family - PIERIDAE
subfamily - COLIADINAE
The genus Eurema has a worldwide
distribution, with 19 species found in the neotropical region.
On the upperside
species such as albula have a pure
white or whitish ground colour, but the males of most others are
usually some shade of yellow, with a black apex and wing borders.
The females of all species tend to be paler, with narrower borders.
The wing shape varies according to species - some have very rounded
wings, while others such as salome have
a squarish apex, and have the hindwings drawn out to form a short
The upperside forewings of male
Eurema daira are yellowish, with a
broad blackish-brown apex, and a broad straight blackish bar along
the inner margin ( dorsum ). The hindwings of the male are white,
with a broad dark brown border. This species can easily be confused
with elathea, but the latter has a
straight bar on the forewings, rather than the curved bar of
daira. Females of both species lack the
bar. They have white forewings and hindwings, both with broad dark
Eurema daira has a slightly more
northern range than elathea, being found from the USA to Peru. It
also occurs on most Caribbean islands.
Like most other Eurema species this
breeds in disturbed semi-open forest edge habitats, which may
include roadsides, riverbanks, secondary forest and farmland. It
occurs at altitudes between sea level and about 1400m.
To be completed.
© Adrian Hoskins
This species, like
elathea, is usually encountered as
colonies of several dozen individuals, which can be seen fluttering
slowly amongst low herbage in disturbed forest edge habitats.
sexes nectar at low growing flowers. Males do not normally mud-puddle
or visit sandbanks.