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Butterflies of Mexico, USA & Canada
Bog Copper
Lycaena epixanthe  BOISDUVAL & LE CONTE, 1835
Family - LYCAENIDAE
subfamily - THECLINAE
Tribe -
Lycaena epixanthe Royalston, Massachusetts, USA Frank Model
Introduction
The current classification of the genus Lycaena is unsatisfactory and in need of revision. The genus is loosely split into several unofficial groupings, which ultimately will be classified as sub-genera or new genera. Under existing classification there are about 70 Lycaena species, variously distributed across temperate regions of the world. There are 17 species in North America.
Lycaena epixanthe is found in the north-eastern states of the USA and in eastern Canada.
Habitats
This species inhabits cranberry bogs.
Lifecycle
The egg is white and is laid singly on a stem or leaf of Vaccinium ( Ericaceae ) near the base of the plant. The egg overwinters, and may be submerged for several weeks. The larva hatches in early spring, and feeds on the flowers, leaves and young shoots of the plant. When fully grown it is pale bluish-green with a dark line along the back and a series of dark oblique dashes along each side. The pupa is yellowish-green, mottled with brown. Pupation takes place at the base of the foodplant.
Adult behaviour

Males perch on cranberry plants, with wings held half open, to await and intercept passing females. Both sexes nectar at Vaccinium.

Lycaena epixanthe Royalston, Massachusetts, USA Frank Model

 

 

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