Mexico, USA & Canada
Family - HESPERIIDAE
subfamily - PYRGINAE
Tribe - CARCHARODINI
© Frank Model
Pyrginae, popularly known as Flats or Spreadwings, are a
cosmopolitan subfamily distributed across temperate and tropical
habitats throughout the world. In the Americas there are 990
are only Pholisora species -
mejicanus. Both have sooty black wings patterned with white
spots on the outer forewing.
is widespread in the USA and southern Canada, and reaches south to
Oaxaca in Mexico where its range overlaps with
This species is found in a wide range of disturbed habitats wherever
its larval foodplants grow. It is found commonly along roadsides,
hence the alternative name Roadside Rambler.
The eggs are
laid singly on the leaves of Chenopodium
( Amaranthaceae ). The larva is pale green with a chocolate-brown
head. It lives within a shelter constructed by folding a leaf and
fastening it with silk, and constructs a new shelter after each
moult. The chrysalis is greenish-white and rough textured, and is
formed within the final leaf shelter.
Both sexes are commonly found
basking on bare ground or on low herbage in areas of disturbed and
well drained ground. They nectar at a wide range of flowers.