Mexico, USA & Canada
BOISDUVAL & LE CONTÉ, 1837
Family - HESPERIIDAE
Poanes zabulon, male, Tennessee, USA ©
There are 16
species in the genus Poanes, of which 9
occur north of Mexico. A further 6 species are found in various
parts of Central America, and a single species
zachaeus occurs in Surinam.
Poanes zabulon is sexually dimorphic -
males have a distinctive cream and tan underside, while in females
it is brown, marked with faint spots and a bluish margin - hence the
alternative English name of Southern Dimorphic Skipper.
This species is
found central and south-eastern states of the USA.
Poanes zabulon is found in open
deciduous woodland, preferring shady areas. It occurs at altitudes
between sea level and at least 1200m.
The egg is globular
and creamy. It is laid singly on the underside of a grass blade. The
larva lives solitarily. It spends the day hiding within a shelter
constructed by spinning together grass blades, and crawls up the
stem to feed during the night. It feeds on a wide variety of grasses
Agrostis. The chrysalis is formed within the larval shelter.
imbibe moisture from damp ground. They perch on tall grasses or on
bushes to await passing females. Both sexes take nectar from a wide
variety of herbaceous flowers.