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Butterflies of Mexico, USA & Canada
Zebra Swallowtail
Protographium marcellus  CRAMER, 1777
Family - PAPILIONIDAE
subfamily - PAPILIONINAE
Tribe - LEPTOCIRCINI
Protographium marcellus, Tennessee, USA  Ken Childs
Introduction
Butterflies in the genus Protographium are characterised by having translucent whitish or yellowish wings, marked with bands or stripes of black or dark brown. The forewings are decidedly triangular in shape, and the hindwings adorned with a single long sword-like tail.
There are 13 Protographium species, distributed variously from the USA to Bolivia. Several of the species, including the North American celadon, philolaus and marcellus, were formerly placed in Eurytides. That genus was later split, with members of it's subgenus Eurygraphium reassigned to Protographium, and members of it's other subgenus Bellerographium retained in Eurytides.
Protographium marcellus is recorded from most of the states of the eastern USA, and from Cuba.
Habitats
This species is found in light deciduous woodland and grassland / woodland mosaics, usually in damp areas, at altitudes between sea level and about 600m.
Lifecycle
The egg is pale green globular. It is laid singly on the leaves of the larval foodplants. The larva feeds on Asimina ( Annonaceae ).
Adult behaviour
Males obtain their sustenance almost exclusively by imbibing mineralised moisture from mud, while females feed instead on flower nectar.
 

 

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