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Butterflies of Mexico, USA & Canada
Angulate Spreadwing
Spathilepia clonius  CRAMER, 1775
Family - HESPERIIDAE
subfamily - PYRGINAE
Tribe - PYRGINI
Spathilepia clonius Peter Bruce-Jones
Introduction
The subfamily Pyrginae are characterised by their habit of basking with wings outspread, compared to the half-open position favoured by the Hesperiinae. In North and South America 580 species are placed within the tribe Pyrgini.
The genus Spathilepia contains a single species, clonius, easily recognised by the angular forewings which have a prominent diagonal hyaline band. The underside hindwings are marbled in brown, grey and black, effectively disguising the butterfly as a decomposing fragment of a dead leaf.
Spathilepia clonius is distributed from Texas to northern Argentina.
Habitats
This species is found in disturbed forest habitats at elevations between sea level and about 800m.
Lifecycle
The larva is yellowish-green, covered in a lattice-like pattern of dark green lines, and with a dark green line running along the back. The head is dark brown with 2 prominent orange spots above the mandibles. The larval foodplants include Desmodium, Pachyrhizus, Rhynchosia and Calopogonium, all of which are herbaceous plants in the family Fabaceae.
Adult behaviour

The adults are normally encountered singly, nectaring at Senecio or Eupatorium, or basking with outspread wings on low herbage.

 

 

 

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