Butterflies of the
Amazon and Andes
GODMAN & SALVIN, 1887
Family - LYCAENIDAE
subfamily - THECLINAE
Tribe - EUMAEINI
Tingo Maria, Peru
© Emily Halsey
Almost all neotropical Theclinae species are placed in the Eumaeini.
The tribe is not particularly well represented in collections, so
until fairly recently a high percentage remained unstudied, and were
inappropriately filed away in the 'convenience' genus
Thecla. Many taxonomists have attempted
to rationalise the systematics of the Eumaeini, the most recent
being Robbins who published a revision in 2004, reclassifying the
taxa into 83 genera. Currently there are 1058 known species. Taking
into account their small size, secretive behaviour, and the great
similarities between many species, it is estimated that about
another 200 species probably remain to be discovered.
Ipidecla comprises of 3 species:
crepundia and schausi. These
tiny butterflies have earthy brown uppersides which in males have a
metallic sheen extending across the basal two-thirds of the
forewings. In crepundia the sheen is
steely grey, and in miadora it is
turquoise. In the case of schausi the
sheen is deep sky blue and covers the hindwings as well as the
The undersides are
sexually dimorphic - in miadora both
sexes are grey-brown with dark veins, but females in addition have a
bright orange patch at the base of the wings. The underside of
crepundia males are white with black
veins, and females have a red spot at the wing bases. Males of
schausi are earthy brown with black
veins, while the females are ochreous with black veins, and with a
red spot at the base of each wing.
is the most widely distributed species, distributed from Mexico to
Brazil, Peru and Paraguay.
This butterfly is found in rainforest and humid deciduous forest at
elevations between 200-800m.
To be completed.
butterflies are usually encountered as singletons, perching on
boulders or foliage, or nectaring at Eupatorium