Butterflies of the
Amazon and Andes
Family - PIERIDAE
subfamily - PIERINAE
only 3 species -
and demophile, all confined to the
is the commonest and most widespread member of the genus, being
found from Mexico to Paraguay. Both sexes are similar in appearance,
but the markings of the female are heavier and browner.
The butterfly is found in disturbed habitats including forest
clearings, riverbanks, roadsides, fields, cattle pastures and
wasteland, at altitudes between sea level and at least 800m.
The following applies in
general to the genus Itaballia :
eggs are yellow, and laid singly under the leaves of
Capparis ( Capparidaceae ).
The larvae are typically green with yellow and blue tubercles.
The chrysalis is whitish and adorned with black
spikes on the back. It is formed on a mat of silk spun on the upper
surface of Capparis leaves.
Itaballia demophile, Rio Pindayo,
© Adrian Hoskins
are usually seen in small numbers, amidst mixed aggregations of
Pieridae and Papilionidae mud-puddling on river sandbanks, seepages
and other sources of mineralised moisture. Both sexes nectar at